Legal abortions in the U.S. are typically safe and without complications, according to a new report obtained by NPR.
NPR reported Friday that the report comes from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine.
The report is titled “The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States,” and it examined the four main methods for conducting abortions.
Researchers examined each variation - aspiration, dilation and evacuation (D&E), induction and medication.
“The clinical evidence clearly shows that legal abortions in the United States – whether by medication, aspiration, D&E, or induction – are safe and effective,” the report states.
“Serious complications are rare," it adds. "But the risk of a serious complication increases with weeks’ gestation,”
“As the number of weeks increases, the invasiveness of the required procedure and the need for deeper levels of sedation also increase.”
The report noted, however, that state laws and regulations can significantly impact abortion safety.
“Overall, the committee concludes that the quality of abortion care depends to a great extent where women live,” it says.
“In many parts of the country, state regulations have created barriers to optimizing each dimension of quality care,” the report adds.
“The quality of care is optimal when the care is based on current evidence and when trained clinicians are available to provide abortion services.”
The findings additionally concluded that there are no long-term consequences on women’s physical and mental health due to abortions.
“The committee did not find well-designed research on abortion’s association with future ectopic, pregnancy, miscarriage or stillbirth, or long-term mortality,” the report states.
“The committee identified a wide array of research on whether abortion increases women’s risk of depression, anxiety, and/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and concludes that having an abortion does not increase a woman’s risk of these mental health disorders.”