The Obama administration ordered sanctions against Russia in response to the country's hacking campaign, which aimed to interfere with the U.S. presidential election.
"These actions follow repeated private and public warnings that we have issued to the Russian government, and are a necessary and appropriate response to efforts to harm U.S. interests in violation of established international norms of behavior," the White House said in a statement.
The White House said in its release that the sanctions apply to two Russian intelligence services, four individuals and three companies that provided support to one of the intelligence services.
The State Department announced plans to shut down two Russian compounds in Maryland and New York. The United States will also expel 35 Russian diplomats working out of those compounds.
An official who spoke to Reuters on condition of anonymity said those 35 Russians have 72 hours to leave the country.
Our diplomats have experienced an unacceptable level of harassment in Moscow by Russian security services and police over the last year. Such activities have consequences.
The White House said Thursday's announcement was in response to the treatment of American diplomats in Russia.
House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-Wisc.) released a statement calling it a prime example of the Obama administration's "ineffective" foreign policy.
"Russia does not share America’s interests. In fact, it has consistently sought to undermine them, sowing dangerous instability around the world," Ryan said in a statement. "While today’s action by the administration is overdue, it is an appropriate way to end eight years of failed policy with Russia."
The Associated Press contributed to this report.