We have to get it right. Americans deserve to know they'll be safe today even as we develop and deploy the technologies of tomorrow.
The driverless car revolution has mostly been left up to U.S. states to regulate -- until now.
The U.S. Department of Transportation is expected to release new regulations Tuesday that will shape how driverless cars are made and used. A preview was released Monday.
The key argument is that since a computer, not a driver, controls the car, the federal government should take charge. Driverless car makers will be expected to report data to the government.
This could represent a big shift in how safety standards work. Generally, car makers self-report their adherence to standards, but the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration may request "pre-market approval."
That would let them intervene before a new driverless car hits the road. But it may also require Congressional approval.
Right now we have multiple states.... each setting up their own rules. This could be a nightmare, if you drive across a state border.
A unified federal standard for driverless cars could make interstate travel in a driverless car much less complicated.
Industry experts were divided on the plan.
"In terms of just attitude, this is huge," said Bryant Walker Smith, a law professor at the University of South Carolina. The fact that the government was even considering this plan showed it had truly embraced driverless cars, he said.
But other consumer advocates fear bureaucracy and regulations will only delay innovations. NHTSA administrator Mark Rosekind said he wants the regulations to be as flexible as possible.
Pittsburgh drew attention last week as it tested self-driving Ubers. The cars have someone in the driver's seat in case of emergencies, but otherwise pilot themselves.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.
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