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A new FBI report found that Hillary Clinton knew she needed to preserve her work emails

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The Federal Bureau of Investigations on Friday released two documents summarizing its investigation of Hillary Clinton's private email server during her time at the State Department. The documents confirmed Clinton knew she needed to archive emails pertaining to government business, but didn't.

"The FBI investigation indicated Clinton was aware her use of a personal device, email account, and server did not negate her obligation to preserve federal records," the report says.  

A new FBI report found that Hillary Clinton knew she needed to preserve her work emails

The FBI said Clinton used eight different mobile devices while she was Secretary of State. 


According to the report, On Jan. 23, 2009, Clinton contacted her predecessor Colin Powell, who also used a private email account while he was secretary, to ask about the protocols for using a BlackBerry email. In his email reply, Powell warned Clinton that if it became "public" that Clinton had a BlackBerry, and she used it to "do business," her emails could become "official record[s] and subject to the law," the FBI report says.

Under the Federal Records Act, any emails dealing with government business must be preserved for federal archives.  

Be very careful. I got around it all by not saying much and not using systems that captured the data.
Colin Powell, former Secretary of State

According to the FBI's report, Powell warned Clinton to "be very careful. I got around it all by not saying much and not using systems that captured the data."

Clinton also told agents she did not "recall receiving any emails she thought should not be on an unclassified system," the FBI's report on Clinton's interview states. "She relied on State officials to use their judgment when emailing her and could not recall anyone raising concerns with her regarding the sensitivity of the information she received at her email address."

In one note the FBI said Clinton told agents she did not know what a "(C)" -- a notation typically used to categorize classified information -- meant.

In a December 2014 letter to State, Clinton's former chief of staff, Cheryl Mills, said it was "Clinton's practice to e-mail State officials at their government e-mail accounts for official business, and, therefore, State already had records of Clinton's e-mails preserved within State record keeping systems."


Clinton stated she "received no instructions or direction" regarding the preservation of government emails as she transitioned out of State.

The report also says that agents found hundreds of emails sent by Huma Abedin and other State staff to a "presidentclinton.com" email address that were to be printed for Mrs. Clinton. "Some of those e-mails were determined to contain information classified at the CONFIDENTIAL level," the report says. 

In a statement on Friday the Clinton campaign said it was "pleased" the FBI released the report. 

"We are pleased that the FBI has released the materials from Hillary Clinton's interview, as we had requested," Brian Fallon, press secretary for the Clinton campaign, said in a statement.

"While her use of a single email account was clearly a mistake and she has taken responsibility for it, these materials make clear why the Justice Department believed there was no basis to move forward with this case."

The partly redacted report did not specify how many emails Clinton sent or received on her private account while she was traveling outside the U.S., but according to the FBI and the State Department's Office of Inspector General, Clinton and her staff were warned multiple times about cybersecurity threats and were advised to configure their mobile devices to State security guidelines. 

Despite those warnings, the FBI determined hundreds of emails classified at the confidential level were sent or received by Clinton while she was traveling outside the U.S. 

A "confidential" rating is the lowest level of classification in the federal government. Information that is confidential could damage national security if publicly disclosed. 

The highest level of classification for a government document is "top secret." These documents can cause severe damage to national security if publicly exposed. 

Agents found 81 email chains containing 193 individual email exchanges that were classified from the confidential to top secret levels at the time the emails were drafted on unclassified systems, according to the report. 

FBI Director James Comey did not recommend any charges against Clinton or her staff in the investigation. 

The State Department has said it will conduct its own review of the email server, that investigation could lead to charges based on violations of the Federal Records Act. 

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